Common Foot Conditions

We Treat the following common conditions:

At the Sunderland Foot Clinic we treat a variety of foot conditions on a daily basis:

  • Callus
  • Corns
  • Verrucas
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Fungal Nails
  • Thickened Nails


Callus is an area of thickened, hard skin that may appear yellowish in colour. It can occur in a number of places on the foot, commonly on the heel or an area of pressure.

Treatment for Callus

Callus can easily be reduced in a treatment session by your podiatrist using a scalpel blade. This pain-free treatment aims to reduce pain or discomfort, restore normal appearance and improve skin function.


A corn is a small area of hard skin, roughly round in shape, which press into the skin. They are often found over high-pressure areas of the foot.

Treatment for Corns

Management plans for the treatment of corns commonly consist of:

  • Maintenance appointments to keep the corn reduced with a scalpel.
  • Use of padding to prevent the pressure
  • Footwear fitting advice.
  • Provision of foot orthotics or supports to relieve the pressure under the foot.


Verrucas are warts that occur on the feet. They are the same as warts on any other part of the body.

Treatment for Verrucas

Overlying hard skin that may develop over the verruca can be removed by a podiatrist to relieve discomfort.
Chemicals can also be applied to the verruca to help clear it.
A podiatrist can advise on the appropriate management plan for your verruca at your initial assessment.
Flip-flops or verruca socks are advisable to both prevent catching verrucas at the swimming pool and passing them on to others.

Ingrown Toenail

An ingrown toenail (or onychocryptosis) is where the side of the toenail cuts into the skin next to the nail. This can become painful as the skin may become inflamed and infected. It is often the big toe that is affected, though it can occur in the other toes. Ingrown toenails can occur at any age but commonly teenagers and young adults present with this problem. There are a number of causes for ingrown toenails, these include; narrow fitting footwear, poor nail cutting technique and a nail with naturally curved edges, rather than a flat nail.

Treatment for Ingrown Toenail

Regular podiatry treatment is sometimes needed to prevent the nail ingrowing again. Your podiatrist will discuss possible management options with you.
Minor surgical intervention is used if the ingrown nail is severe, if conservative care is difficult, or if the ingrown toenail does not respond well to conservative treatment. Nail surgery is a relatively simple procedure and is a permanent solution to the problem.

Fungal Nails

Fungal nail infections are very common in the toenails and usually occur in adults. One nail or several nails can be affected on one or both feet.

Treatment For Fungal Nails

Fungal nails can be treated with either a nail paint or antifungal tablets. These two treatments are most effective when they are used together. Your podiatrist can give advice on the most suitable treatment, as well as cutting and filing the nail to improve appearance and any discomfort. Feet should be kept cool and dry as fungal nails thrive in warm, sweaty feet.

Thick Nails

Thick toenails are nails that have thickened. Thickened toenails can cause problems with footwear fitting correctly, are difficult to cut and are often viewed as unsightly. If a toenail is very thick and is left untreated, the pressure placed on the nail bed can lead to an ulcer forming under the nail plate.

Treatment for Thick Nail

If you are suffering with thickened toenails and you would them treated our podiatrists can advise on this and make your nails more comfortable and more aesthetically pleasing. Depending on what you want to achieve treatment for thickened toenails may include:

  • Anti-fungals.
  • Thinning/reducing the nail.
  • Nail reconstruction.
  • Footwear advice.
  • Nail surgery.